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September 25, 2020

Anti-competitive practices: CCP raids premises of cement association, confiscates records

Top Story

September 25, 2020

ISLAMABAD: The Competition Commission of Pakistan (CCP), as part of an enquiry launched in May 2020 to investigate the possible anti-competitive activities by the cement manufacturers, on Thursday raided two premises of All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association (APCMA) in Lahore.

The CCP team confiscated records during the raid that might help establishing alleged anti-competitive practices of the influential cement sector. According to CCP’s announcement on Thursday, two different teams entered and searched the APCMA main office and a member of APCMA.

Since a senior employee of one of major cement company is also the office bearer of the APCMA’s Executive Committee, representing the North Region, therefore, the Commission also conducted search and inspection of the premises of member concern with the objective to gather evidence of any collusive arrangement.

The enquiry was started based on the information gathered through various media reports, and concerns and complaints expressed regarding a concurrent increase in cement prices, particularly during the month of April 2020.

The reports indicated that an increase of Rs45–Rs55 per cement bag was apparently decided in a meeting of the cement manufacturers held under the umbrella of APCMA. Some of the media reports also quoted cement dealers, saying that the leading cement companies in the north region had collectively decided to increase the cement prices by Rs55 per bag.

From the analysis done by the CCP’s enquiry officers to see the cement companies’ profitability trend, it transpired that due to the lower demand of cement in the first quarter of 2020, the companies had to undergo financial losses at variance, however, the increase in price was starkly parallel, raising concerns of collective decision making and price fixing by the cement manufacturers. Some other players of the construction industry also hinted upon the cement cartel in the North Region becoming active following price increase trend in northern region.

The official data available with the CCP indicated the cement price increase of 4 percent in Islamabad, 10 percent in Lahore, and 6 percent in Peshawar from the second week of April 2020.

From analysis of the information obtained from the news reports, price trends and facts gathered pertaining the same, it appears that objective basis, if any, needed to be assessed and/or the correlation between increase in the price of cement and grounds presented by the representatives of the cement industry.

Sudden rise in price by the cement manufacturers at a time when there is low demand compared to the installed capacity of the manufactures and considering that input fuel cost (coal and oil), transportation and interest rate have declined raises suspicion of a collective rise in price by cement companies.

It may be noted here that the production capacity of cement sector has increased from 44 million tons in 2014 to 69 million tons in 2020. The losses incurred by the cement sector and increase in the price of cement in a similar time period raises suspicion of collective decision of the cement companies to recover losses incurred due unutilized installed capacities.

It is pertinent to mention here that the cement sector has history of collusive activities and they have been penalized in the past to an amount of collectively more than Rs6.3 billion on account of involvement in the prohibited agreements in violation of Section 04 of the Act. In 2012 the Commission again initiated enquiry against cement companies, however the same could not be proceeded further due to stay order granted to cement companies by the Lahore High Court.