Sunday May 19, 2024

European bank shares hit six-year high on surging profits and returns

As a result, the average return on equity among European banks has risen to 13 percent

By News Desk
March 31, 2024
The European Central Bank (ECB). — AFP/File
The European Central Bank (ECB). — AFP/File 

London/New York: European bank shares have hit a six-year high after lenders promised record shareholder returns and profits surged thanks to rising interest rates.

The Stoxx Europe 600 Banks index reached its highest level for six years on Thursday, the last trading day before Easter in most markets, and is up 34 percent over the past year. According to analysts at Barclays, the continent’s banks are outperforming US rivals for the first time in more than a decade in return on equity terms.

“European bank fundamentals look stronger than ever,” said the bank’s head of European equity strategy Emmanuel Cau.

The Stoxx high coincides with strong fourth-quarter results for UniCredit, Santander and Lloyds Banking Group.

Shares in UBS, which last year took over its collapsed rival Credit Suisse in a deal that wiped out $17bn of debt, have done particularly well, rising 46 per cent over the past 12 months to their highest level since March 2008. Italian banks UniCredit and Intesa Sanpaolo have reached 13 and nine-year highs respectively.

Despite weak dealmaking activity and a fall in loan demand, 2023 was one of the most profitable years for European banks because of rising interest rates.

As a result, the average return on equity among European banks has risen to 13 per cent, Barclays analysts said.

However, if the European Central Bank and Bank of England begin cutting rates later this year, as is expected, “net interest income” — the difference between the interest that banks pay on deposits and receive from loans and the main source of their profits — is likely to come under pressure.

“The timing and pace of interest rate cuts will affect the banks’ performance in 2024,” said Rafael Quina, head of French, Italian and Portuguese banks at Fitch Ratings. “Pressure on net interest margins could increase in 2025 as interest rates will have fallen further.”

But he also noted that business activity would increase and loan impairment charges fall if economic growth prospects improve and that this would support banks’ profitability.

Despite their strong recent performance, European banks are still heavily undervalued compared to their US peers, which have grown faster and been more profitable since the financial crisis.

As part of efforts to address this valuation gap and to win back investors spooked by dividend bans and windfall taxes since the pandemic, European lenders have promised to return more than €120bn to shareholders this year, through €74bn of dividends and €47bn of share repurchases.

This is a 54 per cent increase on the previous year’s capital returns and far higher than every year since at least 2007, according to figures compiled by UBS.

One of the biggest distribution announcements this year was from UniCredit, whose shares have more than doubled over the past year. It has promised to pay €8.6bn — its entire profit for 2023 — to investors.

Wells Fargo bank analyst Mike Mayo said it made sense for banks with healthy levels of capital to return money to shareholders when profits were high.

“Do these banks have enough capital to see out an extreme adverse scenario? The answer to that question alone drives whether or not they should be buying back stock,” he said.