Monday May 29, 2023

Rupee seen up on hopes of IMF programme revival

By Our Correspondent
July 03, 2022
Rupee seen up on hopes of IMF programme revival. Photo: The News/File
Rupee seen up on hopes of IMF programme revival. Photo: The News/File

KARACHI: The rupee is expected to strengthen further in coming days as Pakistan inches closer to reach a staff-level agreement with International Monetary Fund (IMF) to revive bailout programme, traders said.

Market players are also eyeing an increase in inflows from remittances ahead of Eid-ul-Azha festival, the added.

“We expect the rupee to gain slightly against the dollar in next week amid improved sentiment as clarity is coming about the IMF programme,” a commercial bank trader said.

“An expected increase in dollar inflows in the shape of workers’ remittances may also support the domestic currency,” he added.

Traders said pre-Eid inflows were particularly high as most Pakistanis working abroad send more money to families to buy sacrificial animals. Eid-al-Azha will be celebrated in Pakistan on July 10 (Sunday).

The rupee gained 3.09 levels or 1.5 percent against the dollar in the interbank market during outgoing week. It had closed at 207.94 to the dollar on Monday and ended at 204.85 on Friday.

Traders will also be monitoring the State Bank of Pakistan’s (SBP) monetary policy review on July 7 for any clue about direction of the rupee in days ahead.

The central bank’s monetary policy committee is expected to hike interest rates by 100-150 basis points to combat soaring inflation.

Consumer price index (CPI) inflation rose 6 percent month-on-month to 21.3 percent in May, taking fiscal year (FY) 2022 inflation rate to 12.1 percent, which is highest after FY2011 when inflation clocked in at 13.7 percent.

Suspension of the IMF bailout programme, fast depletion in country’s foreign exchange reserves caused by higher import bill, and the dollar's strength against major currencies pushed the rupee down by a sharp 30 percent in recently-concluded fiscal year 2021/22. The domestic currency closed at 205 on June 30, 2022, while it had ended at 158 to the dollar on last day of FY2021.

The Chinese inflows made a positive impact on the foreign exchange market and helped the rupee gain ground against the greenback. SBP reserves increased by $2.071 billion to $10.309 billion in the week ending June 24 after it received $2.3 billion or RMB 15 billion in loan proceeds from China Development Bank.

The real effective exchange rate (REER) fell 2.4 percent to 93.57 in May. The depreciation in REER is an important determinant to support export volumes and help improve competitiveness.

The current account gap rose to $1.4 billion in May from $618 million a month ago. The deficit widened to $15.2 billion in 11 months of this fiscal year from $1.2 billion a year earlier.

The ministry of Finance has received the working framework from the IMF.