ZAGREB: A majority of Croatians voted in a referendum Sunday to ban gay marriages in what is a major victory for the Catholic Church-backed conservatives in the European Union´s newest nation.
The state electoral commission, citing near complete results, said 65 percent of those who voted answered "yes" to the referendum question: "Do you agree that marriage is matrimony between a man and a woman?" About 34 percent voted against.
The result meant that Croatia´s constitution will be amended to ban same-sex marriage.
The vote has deeply divided Croatia. Liberal groups have said the referendum´s question infringes on basic human rights.
The Church-backed groups have gathered 750,000 signatures in its support.Referendum results signal that right-wing and conservative forces have been gaining strength in Croatia amid the deepening economic crisis and widespread joblessness.
The country of 4.4 million, which became EU´s 28th member in July, has taken steps to improve gay rights, but issues such as same-sex marriage remain highly sensitive in the staunchly Catholic nation.
The referendum was called by the "In the Name of the Family" conservative group after Croatia´s center-left government drafted a law to let gay couples register as "life partners."
The Catholic Church leaders have urged their followers to vote "yes" in the referendum. Nearly 90 percent of Croatians are Roman Catholics."Marriage is the only union enabling procreation," Croatian Cardinal Josip Bozanic said in his message to the followers.
"This is the key difference between a marriage and other unions."Croatia´s liberal president, Ivo Josipovic, said he voted against amending the constitution.
Josipovic said the referendum result must be respected, but added the government is preparing a law to allow some rights to gays and lesbians living together."The referendum result must not be the reason for new divisions," Josipovic said.