Friday September 30, 2022

GDP grew faster than ADB forecast in FY21

July 21, 2021

ISLAMABAD: The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Tuesday conceded that Pakistan’s GDP growth remained 3.9 percent against its initial projection of 2 percent.

“The Government of Pakistan estimated growth at 3.9 percent in FY2021 (ended 30 June 2021), the improvement underpinned by strong growth in the industry and services and steady remittance inflow” the Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2021 supplement stated.

It further stated that inflation in Pakistan averaged 8.8 percent in the first 11 months of FY2021 on rising global commodity prices, especially for food and crude oil. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is projecting 7.2 percent economic growth for developing Asia this year, compared with its 7.3 percent forecast in April, as renewed coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreaks slow the recovery in some economies in the region. The growth outlook for 2022 is upgraded to 5.4 percent from 5.3 percent.

Excluding the newly industrialised economies of Hong Kong, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, and Chinese Taipei, developing Asia’s updated growth outlook is 7.5 percent for 2021 and 5.7 percent for 2022, compared with earlier projections of 7.7 percent and 5.6 percent, respectively.

The supplement to ADB’s flagship economic publication, Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2021, provides updated projections for the region’s economies and inflation levels amid the Covid-19 pandemic.

“Asia and the Pacific’s recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic continues, although the path remains precarious amid renewed outbreaks, new virus variants, and an uneven vaccine rollout,” said ADB Chief Economist Yasuyuki Sawada.

“On top of containment and vaccination measures, phased and strategic rejuvenation of economic activities —for instance, trade, manufacturing, and tourism— will be key to ensure that the recovery is green, inclusive, and resilient.”

The Covid-19 pandemic remains the biggest risk to the outlook, as outbreaks continue in many economies. Daily confirmed cases in the region peaked at about 434,000 in mid-May. They narrowed to about 109,000 at the end of June, concentrated mainly in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific. Meanwhile, the vaccine rollout in the region is gaining pace, with 41.6 doses administered per 100 people by the end of June—above the global average of 39.2, but below rates of 97.6 in the United States and 81.8 in the European Union.

East Asia’s growth outlook for 2021 is raised to 7.5 percent, from 7.4 percent in April, amid a stronger-than-expected recovery by the newly industrialised economies of Hong Kong, the Republic of Korea, and Chinese Taipei.

The subregional growth forecast for 2022 is retained at 5.1 percent. The growth outlook for the People’s Republic of China is likewise maintained at 8.1 percent this year and 5.5 percent in 2022, amid steady performances by industry, exports, and services.

This year’s growth outlook for Central Asia has been raised to 3.6 percent, from 3.4 percent in the April forecast. This is mainly due to an improved outlook for Armenia, Georgia, and Kazakhstan —the sub region's largest economy; however, Central Asia’s outlook for 2022 remains at 4.0 percent.

Projections for South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific for 2021 are lowered as renewed outbreaks are met with containment measures and restrictions, hampering economic activity. South Asia’s growth outlook for fiscal year 2021 is lowered to 8.9 percent from 9.5 percent.

The forecast for India is downgraded by 1.0 percentage point to 10.0 percent. Southeast Asia’s 2021 outlook is revised to 4.0 percent from 4.4 percent, while the projection for Pacific economies is lowered to 0.3 percent from 1.4 percent. However, the 2022 growth forecasts for these subregions are upgraded to 7.0 percent, 5.2 percent, and 4.0 percent, respectively.

The inflation forecast for Asia and the Pacific this year is raised to 2.4 percent, from 2.3 percent in April, reflecting rising oil and commodity prices, while the projection for 2022 remains at 2.7 percent.