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Thursday June 08, 2023

CJP Bandial 'disregards' Justice Isa's order to freeze suo motu cases

Circular notes that “unilateral assumption of judicial power” in such manner violated the rule laid down by a five-member judgement

By Web Desk
March 31, 2023
Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Umar Ata Bandial. — Supreme Court website
Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Umar Ata Bandial. — Supreme Court website

ISLAMABAD: The Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) "disregarded" on Friday Justice Qazi Faez Isa's judgement which said that suo motu cases would remain frozen until amendments were made in the Supreme Court Rules 1980 — pertaining to the top judge's discretionary powers to constitute benches. 

Earlier this week, a Supreme Court's special bench — with a two-to-one majority — ordered suspending all suo motu cases under Article 184(3) of the Constitution until amendments were made to the Supreme Court Rules governing the chief justice's discretionary powers. 

"Observations made by the majority judgment in paras 11 to 22 and 26 to 28 were beyond the matter fixed before the court and invokes its suo motu jurisdiction," said Justice Isa in the circular issued. 

Interestingly, the Supreme Court issued the circular hours before a four-member bench was to start hearing the Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa election delay case.

The circular noted that the “unilateral assumption of judicial power” in such a manner violated the rule laid down by a five-member judgment.

“Such power is to be invoked by the Chief Justice on the recommendation of an Honourable Judge or a learned Bench of the Court on the basis of criteria laid down in Article 184(3) of the Constitution. The said majority judgment, therefore, disregards binding law laid down by a larger bench of the Court,” read the circular.

“Any observation made in the said judgment, inter alia, for the fixation or otherwise of cases is to be disregarded. Accordingly, a circular be issued by the Registrar stating the foregoing legal position for the information of all concerned,” concluded the circular.

What was the judgment?

On Wednesday, a special Supreme Court bench, with a two to one majority, ordered suspending all suo motu cases — under Article 184(3) of the Constitution — until amendments are made to the Supreme Court Rules governing the chief justice's discretionary powers.

The special bench order came on the suo motu case related to examining the award of additional 20 marks to Hafiz-e-Quran candidates applying for enrollment into an MBBS/BDS degree. Justice Qazi Faez Isa led the bench, which comprised Justice Amin-ud-Din Khan and Justice Shahid Waheed.

CJP Bandial had formed the three-member special bench to hear the case, but Justice Isa objected to the constitution of the bench.

Justice Waheed — who also wrote a dissenting note against the order — raised objections and said that "the points raised and discussed in the order were not subject to the case".

The order, penned by Justice Isa, mentioned: "The Supreme Court Rules, 1980 (the Rules) neither permit nor envisage special benches. However, a Special Bench comprising of three Judges’ was constituted to hear this case."

The majority order further said the Supreme Court comprises the CJP and all judges.

"The Constitution does not grant the Chief Justice unilateral and arbitrary power to decide the above matters. With respect, the Chief Justice cannot substitute his personal wisdom with that of the Constitution," the order stated.

Collective determination by the chief justice and the judges of the Supreme Court can also not be assumed by an individual, albeit the chief justice, the order said.