Sunday April 21, 2024

China hikes military spending amid 5pc targeted economic growth

Beijing announced an economic growth goal of around 5% for this year

By Ag Afp
March 06, 2023
President Xi Jinping inspects the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) Garrison in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) at Shek Kong barracks on June 30, 2017 in Hong Kong, China.
President Xi Jinping inspects the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) Garrison in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) at Shek Kong barracks on June 30, 2017 in Hong Kong, China.

BEIJING: China said Sunday its military spending would rise at the fastest pace in four years, warning of “escalating” threats from abroad at a meeting of its parliament that will hand Xi Jinping a third term as president.

The increase in the world’s second-largest defence budget came as Beijing announced an economic growth goal of around five percent for this year -- one of its lowest in decades. The country’s planned budgets for the year put defence spending at 1.55 trillion yuan ($225 billion), a 7.2 percent rise and the quickest rate of increase since 2019. It officially rose 7.1 percent last year.

Outgoing Premier Li Keqiang told delegates to the National People’s Congress (NPC) that “external attempts to suppress and contain China is escalating”.

“The armed forces should intensify military training and preparedness across the board,” he said as he presented the government’s annual work report to thousands of amassed delegates in Beijing’s Great Hall of the People. The military must “devote greater energy to training under combat conditions, and... strengthen military work in all directions and domains”, he added.

China’s defence spending still pales in comparison with the United States, which has allotted over $800 billion for its military this year.

Niklas Swanstrom, director of the Stockholm-based nonprofit the Institute for Security and Development Policy, said Beijing appeared to be “investing in its capacity to take over Taiwan and keep the US out of the region”.

But James Char, an expert on China’s military at Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University pointed out that several countries across Asia were boosting their defence spending, in part due to “their respective threat perceptions of the regional security landscape”.

Sunday’s conservative economic goals followed China posting just three percent growth last year, widely missing its 5.5-per cent target as the economy was strained under the impact of strict Covid-19 containment policies and a property crisis. “The growth target came in at the low end of the market expectation. But it should be taken as a floor of growth the government is willing to tolerate,” said Zhiwei Zhang, president and chief economist at Pinpoint Asset Management. “Given the very low base of economic activities last year, it is unlikely to see growth drop below five percent.”

Li struck a bullish tone in his speech, saying China’s economy “is staging a steady recovery and demonstrating vast potential and momentum for further growth”. He lauded Beijing’s growth-suppressing Covid curbs — abruptly abandoned late last year — and “effective and well-coordinated” economic and social development.

The sustained growth in defence spending despite sagging economic expectations showed that “security is now much more important for the national leadership” than before, said Alfred Muluan Wu, an associate professor at the University of Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. “It is even, to some extent, more important than economic growth,” he told AFP.

Also top of the NPC’s agenda will be Friday’s norm-busting reappointment of Xi as president after he locked in another five years as head of the party and the military — the two most significant leadership positions in Chinese politics — at an October congress.

Since then, the 69-year-old Xi’s leadership has faced unexpected challenges and scrutiny, with protests over his zero-Covid policy and a deadly coronavirus surge after it was subsequently dropped.

But those issues are almost certain to be avoided at this week’s Beijing conclave, which will also see the unveiling of Xi confidant and former Shanghai party chief Li Qiang as the new premier.

Delegates to the NPC — and to the concurrent “political consultative conference” (CPPCC) that began on Saturday — will also discuss issues ranging from economic recovery to improved sex education in schools, according to state media reports. The meetings serve as a forum for attendees to present pet projects, but they have little say in broader questions of how China is run.