The world has expanded discussions about mental health. The mental well-being of a human is as necessary as physical well-being, and the world seems to realize it since we have been observing vigorous discussions about it. Not just professionals, everyday people, especially Gen-Z, have started considering this topic. So, now is the time we talk about mental diseases that are not discussed openly; hence, very few people know about it which, of course, makes it evident that not many people know how to handle it in case any loved one gets it.
One of such least discussed diseases is Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a disorder majorly associated with the subconscious part of the brain and is as lethal as brain cancer. This disease requires lifelong treatment and care. Identifying symptoms at an early stage plays a crucial role in handling because the older condition gets, the complexities increase. According to medical science, Schizophrenia is majorly associated with the brain's association areas, the ones responsible for memories, emotions and hormonal balances.
The significant symptoms include delusions, hallucinations and disorganized speech at the initial level. Delusion can be a result of severe traumas the patient might have experienced in the past. Patients who are a part of an abusive household or have witnessed extreme violence can have flashbacks from the past, which might contribute to the hallucinations they face as the disease progresses. The patients suffer from restlessness, which affects their sleep cycle since they only experience Rapid Eye Movement (REM). The patients hear voices, which is the most common form of hallucination schizophrenic experiences. Disorganized speech is the result of the fear that arises from the delusion and hallucination. The patient goes through traumatic episodes, and the frequency of attacks depends upon the severity of the disease.
The disease progresses with time. With time, negative symptoms such as loss of appetite, lack of interest in hygiene, loss of concentration and focus, emotional suppression and aggression develop. Some patients develop a habit of crying all of a sudden in the middle of a fit of laughter. Some patients zone out now and then because they make up conversations and scenarios in their heads. Some patients curse in the condition of extreme pain and lose the sense of memory really fast. These patients can have difficulty recognizing family and friends.
If you're someone who is taking care of a schizophrenic individual, the primary key is patience. Since the patient cannot control and analyze his movements, you're supposed to monitor and control the actions with patience and kindness. With medications, proper therapy must also overcome the hallucinations and the after-effects of specific attacks. The attacks are severe, and they take away physical strength; hence the patients can feel weak. Low-grade fever and body pain are the significant physical symptoms of Schizophrenia. Handling a schizophrenic individual can be quite a task, yet with patience, kindness and empathy, this disease can be controlled.
To all the strong souls suffering, may the Almighty eases your pain and suffering.