Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the immune system and, if left untreated, can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) — individuals with weakened immune systems are more vulnerable to opportunistic infections, which can be fatal.
Dermatological problems are common, affecting more than 90% of HIV patients. These illnesses vary from infections to neoplastic disorders that present on the skin and mucosa and are frequently suggestive of the stage of HIV.
Some skin problems are early warning symptoms of HIV/AIDS and can help with diagnosis:
This tumorous condition shows as purple lesions and is characterised by malignant skin patches or nodules in mucous membranes. It is an AIDS-defining illness, with exceedingly low CD4 levels.
This virus causes blisters on the skin and causes acute, searing agony throughout the trunk or face.
This extremely infectious illness is distinguished by pink or flesh-coloured skin lesions that can develop anywhere on the body.
It is a fungal illness that causes white lesions (thrush) in the oral cavity, vaginal regions, and nodular skin lesions. Other diseases, such as histoplasmosis and cryptococcal infections, cause comparable skin symptoms.
These fungal skin infections are more common in HIV patients.
Immune decline attracts numerous viruses, such as Cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, and Epstein Barr virus, which cause macular rashes on the trunk and face.
Anti-HIV treatments or medications for opportunistic infections can cause rashes that range from mild to severe, such as Steven Johnson syndrome or Drug response with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS).
HIV may enhance skin sensitivity to UV radiation, damaging exposed regions after sun exposure.
Psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and eczema worsen in HIV patients, becoming treatment-resistant and predisposed to secondary infections.
HIV/AIDS can affect any organ, causing systemic illnesses that appear as skin involvement.
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin and nail condition in HIV patients.
Understanding the delicate relationship between HIV/AIDS and dermatological symptoms is critical for early diagnosis, complete therapy, and proactive care for those living with this complex illness.
Your health deserves a thoughtful approach, free from the pitfalls of quick fixes that flood your social media feeds...
Anxiety affects everyone but is more lethal for teenagers' health
According to studies, eating this fruit daily may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease and boost...
Rice water is being regarded as beneficial for hair health by TikTokers but experts say otherwise
Up to 44% of women aged between 20 and 40 are affected by it
"Once you have better quality then we try to work on the quantity of sleep possible," expert says