BITS ‘N’ PIECES
Narrated Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib (R.A):
When the Prophet (S.A.W) came to Medina, he stayed first with his grandfathers or maternal uncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he wished that he could pray facing the Ka’ba (in Mecca). The first prayer which he offered facing the Ka’ba was the ‘Asr prayer in the company of some people. Then one of those who had offered that prayer with him came out and passed by some people in a mosque who were bowing during their prayers facing Jerusalem. He said addressing them, “By Allah, I testify that I have prayed with Allah’s Apostle facing Mecca.” Hearing that, those people changed their direction towards the Ka’ba immediately. Jews and the people of the scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facing Jerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction towards the Ka’ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of it.
Al-Bara’ added, “Before we changed our direction towards the Ka’ba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had been killed and we did not know what to say about them (regarding their prayers.) Allah then revealed: And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers of those Muslims were valid).” (2:143).
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 2, Number 39
Angel Falls is located in the Canaima National Park, which lies within the Bolivar State of southeastern Venezuela. Angel Falls was named for James Angel, an American pilot, who in 1933 was the first aviator to fly over the falls. It is the world’s tallest waterfall, with a total height of 3212 feet (979 meters). This total height includes a single uninterrupted drop of 2648 feet (807 meters), plus 564 feet (172 meters) of steep cascades and smaller drops downstream from the main falls.
Much of the water of Angel Falls begins its journey in the Atlantic Ocean. There, the northeasterly trade winds deliver dry air masses from the Sahara Desert of Africa. These winds evaporate water from the ocean surface and carry it towards South America.
As the moisture-laden air masses reach southeastern Venezuela, they rise to cross the highlands of the Auyán-Tepuí - the headwaters of Angel Falls. The air masses cool as they rise, causing water vapor to condense and fall as rain.
Some of the rain soaks into the ground, and other water runs off and flows into tributaries of the Rio Kerepacupai Meru, the river that feeds the falls.
About 500 feet from the cliff suddenly, the river drops into a fracture system, changes flow direction by 135 degrees, and accelerates through a channelised cascade of white water. Just before reaching the falls, the water drops into fractures and caverns, then bursts into the air through openings below the top of the sandstone cliff. There it begins a dramatic free-fall of 2648 feet.
Upon landing, the water begins flowing over, under, and around rock debris that has fallen from the cliffs above. It then cascades down a steep slope, over smaller falls, on its way to the Rio Churún.