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January 14, 2012



January 14, 2012

The Pakistani authorities are in a fix about how India successfully managed to secure carbon credits on highly controversial Nimoo-Bazgo power project by UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) without its ratification of mandatory Environmental Assessment Report (EIA), sources said here on Wednesday.
Sources said the concerned authorities have thoroughly reviewed all official record that showed that no authority from Pakistan ratified EIA for this project thus creating a doubt that India might have provided fake information to UNFCCC to earn carbon credits for financial gains.
Sources claimed that Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani has issued directives to thoroughly review the situation to enable the Pakistani government to pursue the case in International Court of Arbitration.
Sharing his personal views with this correspondent, a senior official said it should be a matter of grave concern for the Pakistani authorities who failed to identify that India made continuous efforts for a couple of years to convince UNFCCC for award of carbon credit for the controversial project.
“In Pakistan our concerned authorities have miserably failed to educate relevant departments about UN carbon credit scheme so it could not be expected from them that they would keep vigil over India’s activities in this respect,” he said.
The officials who worked in the devolved federal environment ministry have conveyed that they had nothing to do with the issue as the ministries of Foreign Affairs and Water and Power never provided details to them about Nimoo-Bazgo project.
According to information Nimoo-Bazgo project was approved by UNFCCC for carbon credits in August 2008 for which India had applied in March 2006. Under Clause 37(b) of the UNFCCC it was mandatory for India to ratify EIA of the project from Pakistan to earn carbon credits but no one knew how it managed to do so without meeting the legal requirements.
Principle 19 of the

Espoo (EIA) Convention in Europe says that the States shall provide prior and timely notification and relevant information to potentially affected States on activities that may have a significant adverse transboundary environmental effect and shall consult with those states at an early stage and in good faith.
The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), an international tool in the fight to tame global warming, gives firms from industrialised countries incentives to invest in greenhouse gas reduction projects to earn carbon credits.
Director General Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak-EPA) Asif Shuja, when contacted, said that carbon credits for any project are awarded after three validations but it is quite surprising that the UN Board that acts as validator did not bother to approach the Pakistani authorities to get their viewpoint about the controversial hydro power project.
He said the Nimoo-Bazga project is highly controversial and the UN body should consider concerns shown by Pakistan about it before award of carbon credits to India, adding “CDM has clear rules and Pakistan has a right to raise its concerns at international forums to present the real ground situation,” he said.
He said there is no formal agreement between Pakistan and India with regard to transboundary environmental effects so both countries should follow international rules that provide guidelines in this respect.

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