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October 28, 2016

The Afghan war


October 28, 2016

The US is still at war in Afghanistan - not that you’d know it from the presidential election. While the campaign against ISIL (also known as ISIS) in Iraq and Syria or the 2011 intervention in Libya have been discussed frequently, the Afghan conflict was mentioned only once in the recent presidential debates.

Now in its 16th year, the occupation of Afghanistan is the longest war in US history. Experts warn of a deepening security crisis, as much of Afghanistan is now too dangerous for Westerners to visit. Even Kabul, once a sanctuary of sorts, increasingly experiences bomb blasts, and kidnappings are common across the country.

The Taliban is on the offensive, funded by a booming drugs trade, and reportedly controls more territory than it ever has since the 2001 invasion.

It briefly managed to capture the important northern city of Kunduz last September, and threatens to take other provincial capitals, too.

The US-backed Afghan army is struggling to cope, suffering from high casualty rates and desertions, and only last week there was another ‘green-on-blue’ attack, which killed two Americans. In a sign of how bad things are, US President Barack Obama reversed his decision to reduce troop levels and expanded US air strikes in the summer, too.

Increased violence has taken a heavy toll on the civilian population. The UN documented record civilian casualties in 2015, with little improvement this year. Indeed, 2016 has seen a ‘worrying’ 15 percent increase in child casualties. Afghanistan is the world’s second largest source of refugees, after Syria, and a ‘brain drain’ has seen educated professionals flee the country, while the number of internally displaced Afghans has doubled since 2013.

True, there have been improvements in healthcare, education, and infrastructure, as Carlotta Gall pointed out this month in The New York Times.

But the situation is now worryingly fragile, she writes, reminiscent of Afghanistan after the Soviet withdrawal and before the country’s precipitous descent into civil war.

Compounding these many problems is Afghanistan’s weak and divided ‘national unity government’, assembled in autumn 2014 after a disputed election. President Ashraf Ghani and chief executive Abdullah Abdullah were given two years to transition to a more stable system, but that process has not even started.

But, despite these alarming developments, neither of the US presidential candidates has proposed a strategy for dealing with Afghanistan. This is inexcusable, not only because the Afghan people need all the help they can get, but also because Afghanistan matters for US national security.

Indeed, Washington has an important diplomatic role to play. Informal talks between the Taliban and Afghan government have just re-started, and the US is involved. The US helped to broker a recent agreement between Kabul and the notorious Afghan warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, too, suggesting that some kind of deal with the Taliban may be possible.

But negotiating with a group that has killed so many Americans might not be to every president’s taste. Would Clinton or Trump continue these talks? Would they beef up US military and economic assistance? How will they help to ease the political tensions in Kabul?

These questions urgently demand answers, because, as things stand, voters have next to no idea how the candidates would handle Afghanistan.

Maybe the American public just doesn’t care about this war. Polling has shown that it is the most unpopular conflict in US history, surpassing even Vietnam. But the West must not ignore Afghanistan, as it did in the 1990s. We all know where that ended up.

The article has been excerpted from: ‘US elections: Why no mention of Afghan war?’



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