MUMBAI: Taiwanese electronics giant Foxconn will invest $19.4 billion to make semiconductors in India with local conglomerate Vedanta, backed by New Delhi's push to boost tech self-reliance after a global chip shortage.
Semiconductors are an essential component of nearly all modern electronics, from smartphones to kitchen appliances and cars, but the coronavirus pandemic kneecapped global production and leading manufacturers are still struggling to meet demand.
India approved a $10 billion incentive plan last December to kickstart its own domestic industry by covering up to half of all project costs.
The deal announced Tuesday is the scheme's most ambitious investment to date and will see a manufacturing facility built in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's home state of Gujarat.
"India's own Silicon Valley is a step closer now," Vedanta group chairman Anil Agarwal tweeted on Tuesday, thanking the government for helping "tie things up so quickly".
Vedanta, one of India's biggest mining companies, will take a 60% share in the joint venture for its first step into chip-making.
Foxconn, the world's top iPhone assembler, will take the minority stake.
"The improving infrastructure and the government's active and strong support increases confidence in setting up a semiconductor factory," Foxconn vice president Brian Ho said in a statement.
The facilities will be operational by 2024 and will also manufacture display screens for phones and tablets, the companies said.
Shares in Vedanta rose 6% in Mumbai a day after the announcement.
India has sought to boost its domestic production capacity in a range of strategic sectors, including military hardware and advanced technology.
"In the current geopolitical scenario, trusted sources of semiconductors... are key to the security of critical information infrastructure," India's technology ministry said earlier.
The government's semiconductor incentive scheme has already successfully wooed several investors, with Singapore's IGSS Ventures announcing $3.2 billion in July to make chips in Tamil Nadu state.
Another partnership between NextOrbit of the UAE and Israel's Tower Semiconductor signed on in May for a $2.9 billion plant in Karnataka state.
The vast majority of the world's top chips are made by just two companies — TSMC of Taiwan and South Korea's Samsung — both of which are running at full capacity to alleviate the ongoing global shortage.
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