KARACHI: With deadly floods disrupting economic activity in the country, the rupee maintained its losing streak for the 13th consecutive session on Tuesday and reached near the all-time low against the US dollar.
In the interbank market, the local unit lost Re1, or 0.42%, and fell to Rs238.91 per dollar, down in value from the previous close of Rs237.91 against the dollar.
The dollar now stands only Rs1.03 short of the all-time high level of Rs239.94 on July 28, 2022.
The fall can be attributed to several factors, including the ongoing surge in dollar demand from local importers amid the drying dollar reserves of the country, and rising import bills in the wake of the worst floods, among others.
Saad Hashmey, an independent economist, said the recent decline in the currency was due to the onset of floods and their detrimental impact on the country's external account as the loss of crops would now need to be bridged through imports amid lacklustre external flows.
“It is highly likely that the rupee will recover as soon as foreign flows materialise, which they will eventually. It should be noted that the country's external funding requirements are fully funded under the IMF (International Monetary Fund) programme,” Hashmey added.
Zafar Paracha, the secretary general of the Exchange Companies Association of Pakistan, said despite major announcements from the government and institutions, the market perceptions about the local unit remain the same.
The government recently announced Saudi Arabia's rollover of $3 billion, and the finance minister reassured the nation of the economy improving in the coming month.
Moreover, the IMF resident representative said the money lender will support Pakistan’s reconstruction and relief works. But even such positive news has thus far failed to change the market perception about the local unit.
The open market is also facing a dearth of the US currency.
Analysts said investors were still concerned about the impacts of the floods on the economy in general and the external sector in particular. The key problem would be the management of the IMF expectations while finding room for relief and rehabilitation costs.
Speaking to Geo.tv, Pakistan-Kuwait Investment Company Head of Research Samiullah Tariq cited two major reasons behind the downfall of the rupee: import pressure and a severe liquidity crunch.
“The pressure of Peshawar foreign market — led by Afghan trade — is weighing on the local currency as the demand for the greenback is more while supply is less,” he said.
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SPI is computed on a weekly basis to evaluate price movements of commodities