Tuesday July 16, 2024

SBP's foreign exchange reserves slip under $3 billion

Central bank's reserves drop by $170 million due to external debt payment

By Business Desk
February 09, 2023
A man counts dollar bills. — AFP
A man counts dollar bills. — AFP

The foreign exchange reserves of Pakistan's central bank slipped under $3 billion to a nine-year low as it struggles to get inflows due to a stalled International Monetary Fund (IMF) programme.

The federal government is trying to unlock the IMF deal, with the lender's mission in Islamabad to negotiate the terms for resuming the Extended Fund Facility (EFF), which will pave for Pakistan to get more than $1 billion from the institution.

In a statement, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) said, as of the week ended February 3, its foreign exchange reserves have slipped to $2,916.7 million after a fall of $170 million due to external debt payments — enough to provide an import cover of 0.58 months.

The net forex reserves held by commercial banks stand at $5,622.9 million, $2.745 billion more than the SBP, bringing the total liquid foreign reserves of the country to $8,539.6 million, the statement mentioned.

The government and the SBP were banking on friendly countries, including Saudi Arabia, to help boost the reserves, however, none of the nations has so far forwarded inflows — leaving Pakistan in a critical position.

As a result of the depleting foreign exchange reserves, imports have been hit hard as commercial banks are reluctant in opening letters of credit (LCs), making it near to impossible for businesses to stay afloat.

Major automobile makers — Indus Motors and Pak Suzuki Motors Company — have repeatedly stopped their car production due to an inventory crunch that's been created due to a liquidity crunch.

The rupee has also fallen to historic lows as the market faces a scarcity of dollars and the grey market is persistently active, but the local currency has gained some ground during the last two trading days as the market is hopeful that the government and the IMF might strike a deal today (Thursday).

In this regard, Finance Minister Ishaq Dar said earlier today that talks with the money lender were "on track" and the government would share "good news" on the matter.

"I am going to meet the IMF mission. The final round of talks with the Fund is currently underway," the minister told reporters in Islamabad. "Talks are on track and we will share good news today. There are no differences with the IMF team."