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July 3, 2011

400,000 people unemployed due to energy crisis: Dr Samar


July 3, 2011

Dr. Samar Mubarakmand, Member Science & Technology, Planning Commission, on Saturday said that around 25,000 industrial units have become sick and more then 400,000 people are unemployed now because of the prevailing energy crisis.
Production of electricity and gas at Thar Coal Fields is a huge national activity, which will have an impact on the country s power production.
He was talking to the business community at the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI).
Dr. Samar Mubrakmand said that the present distress in the industrial sector of Pakistan cannot wait for a few years for the solution of the problem the government cannot step in to alleviate the energy crisis due to following basic constraints: The solution should be quick and immediate, the capital cost should be met by the private sector and the basic raw material available in the country should be used.
He said that in China, there are vast coal reserves and 60 per cent of power generation in that country is based on coal. In Pakistan the Science and Technology Section of the Planning Commission conceived such a project to be pursued at a pilot scale in the Thar Coal Fields for the production of 100 MW of electricity. Similar projects are being currently implemented at more then 40 places on 4 continents. Coal is also converted into coal gas above the ground in machines called surface gasifies, he added.
Dr. Samar has said that the efficiency of the conversion of coal gas to electricity is about 40 per cent. The engine-generator sets are different from engines designed from operation with natural gas. These are also available from leading manufacturers in America, Europe and China.
Talking about he availability of Coal in Pakistan, he said that the Chamalang Coalfield has reserves of approximately 50 million tons. This coalfield has production of 2000 tons per day. Kost-Sharig-Harnai Coalfield has total reserves of 76 million tons. Annual production from

the mines is about 225,000 tons. Dukki Coalfield has total 51 million tons of coal reserves and annual mining capacity is almost 3000 tons. The Quetta Coalfield has the reserves of about 50 million tons. Much Coalfield has the reserves of 23 million tons. Lakhra Coal Field has average annual production of 1.1 million tons. Salt Range Coalfield has reserves of about 235 million tons.
Dr. Samar told that on the average, 1 kilogram of coal produces 1 KWH of electricity. The cost of the coal is Rs6000 per ton then 1 unit of electricity will cost approximately Rs7.5. Surface gasifiers are being manufactured in size for 300 KW up to several MW/hour of electricity. He said till now three surface gasifiers have already been installed and are in operation in different industries. Another 18 gasifiers are currently on order awaiting delivery within the nest 6 to 8 weeks. This solution has become highly popular in the manufacturing sector of Pakistan.
While talking to media persons, Dr. Samar said: We have lots of natural resources, but if the technical experts would not perform their duty then we wouldn t be able to overcome this energy crisis. He said: This is a pilot project and I am very much confident that we would get good results and then we would implement it on larger scale.

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