NIH issues advisory on prevention of dengue fever

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October 23, 2021

Islamabad: Keeping in dengue fever, the Field Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Division of the National Institutes of Health has issued an advisory on prevention and control of the...

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Islamabad: Keeping in dengue fever, the Field Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Division (FEDSD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has issued an advisory on prevention and control of the disease.

According to NIH, the objective of the advisory was to sensitise human and animal health care authorities to further strengthen and improve the level of preparedness in the prevention and control of the disease.

As per the advisory, dengue is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus). It is endemic in almost all geographical regions of Pakistan and there are substantial evidence that its multiple serotypes are circulating in the different areas of the country.

Despite patchy surveillance, a total of 53,498 cases with 95 deaths due to dengue fever were reported during 2019 while 6,016 cases were reported during 2020, and 3,795 cases were reported up to September 2021.It is imperative to work on prevention while staying vigilant for the detection of cases and ensuring preparedness to launch response activities for curtailing the transmission of dengue fever disease.

This advisory is, therefore, intended to facilitate the healthcare authorities and professionals in effectively dealing with the potential challenge during the Dengue season. The advisory also calls upon hospitals to build their capacity for management of patients, to keep rapid response arrangements in place, and to maintain regular liaison with relevant departments and stakeholders.

As per the advisory, precautions should be taken to prevent dengue fever including adopting personal protection measures like wearing long-sleeved clothes, using mosquito repellent lotions, sprays, and use of mosquito repellent coils. Other measures include using bed nets while sleeping outside in an open environment and using mesh screens on windows.



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