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World

AFP
July 12, 2018

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Spain plans truth commission on civil war, dictatorship

MADRID: Spain said on Wednesday it wants to establish a truth commission on wrongdoings during the civil war and dictatorship, in what would be a major step in a country that has largely brushed aside the dark period.

In a statement, the justice ministry said "historical memory" was one of its seven priorities under the new Socialist government, outlining a number of measures it would take in this sensitive area.

It said it would search for people who disappeared during the 1936-9 civil war and Francisco Franco´s subsequent dictatorship, which only ended upon his death in 1975. The justice ministry said it would make public the exhumations every year and number of people found. An official census of the victims of the civil war and dictatorship would be created.

The ministry also plans to set up a "truth commission" and take away all symbols glorifying that period such as the street names of Franco generals. After Franco´s death, as the nation transitioned to democracy, authorities opted to draw a veil over the past for fear of further conflict. As a result, what happened is still largely suppressed, with Cambodia the only country to have more mass graves than Spain, according to Amnesty International.

Decades on, this means that no trials have been held, descendants of those who were killed by Franco´s nationalists are still searching for the remains of their loved ones, and monuments honouring Franco´s regime are scattered across Spain.

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