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January 10, 2015
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Authorities fail to improve primary education: survey

Islamabad

January 10, 2015

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Islamabad
A latest survey spoke volumes about massive failure of the authorities concerned to improve primary level education because as many as 61 percent of children (aged 3-5 years) were still not enrolled in any early childhood programme/schooling in the country.
According to a national survey conducted in 144 districts by ASER, 21 percent of children (aged 6-16 years) were reported to be out-of-school, which had almost remained the same as compared to previous year (21 percent).
The detailed information collected from 251,694 children (58.6 percent males, 41.3 percent females) aged 3-16 years revealed that the 7 percent of out-of-school children could read story in Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto, 5 percent could read sentences in English, and 5 percent children were able to do two-digit division.
The ratio of out-of-school children in Balochistan is 33 percent, in Sindh 27 percent, in Fata 20 percent, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 15 percent, in Punjab 15 percent, Gilgit-Baltistan 14 percent, Azad Kashmir 6 percent and in Islamabad only one percent.
The proportion of government primary schools receiving grants has decreased since the last year. Forty-eight percent surveyed government primary schools were receiving grants in 2012, 45 percent in 2013, and 26 percent received in 2014.
It stated 79 percent of all school-aged children within the age bracket of 6-16 years were enrolled in schools. Amongst these, 70 percent of children were enrolled in government schools whereas 30 percent of children were going to non-state institutions (27 percent private schools, 2 percent madrassahs, one percent others).
The survey highlighted that out of school-aged children within the age bracket of 6-10 years, 55 percent were enrolled in government schools whereas 27 percent of children were going to non-state institutions (24 percent private schools, 2 percent madrassahs, one percent others).
It said amongst the enrolled students in government schools, 35 percent

were girls and 65 percent were boys whereas in private schools, 63 percent enrolled children were boys and 37 percent were girls.
Significant shift has been witnessed in terms of enrollment from government to private schools. In 2013, 74 percent of the enrolled children (aged 6-16 years) were going to government schools and 26 percent of the enrolled children (aged 6-16) were going to private schools. This year, 70 percent of the enrolled children are seen to be going to government schools while 30 percent are going to private schools.
Similar trend is witnessed in rest of the provinces where private sector is observed to be growing.
Deterioration can be seen in English competencies over the past year: Fifty-eight percent of class 5 children could not read sentences compared to 57 percent in 2013.
Thirty-three percent of teachers of surveyed government schools have done graduation as compared to 39 percent teachers of surveyed private schools.

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