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February 8, 2012

50pc kids can’t read sentence in Urdu: survey


Web Desk
February 8, 2012

The Annual Status of Education Report 2011, a household survey in Punjab which assessed learning outcomes of school-going (5-16 years) age children in 28 districts (rural areas), has found that almost 50 per cent children cannot even read a sentence in Urdu or in their mother tongue while 66 per cent children cannot read a sentence in English of class-II.
According to a press statement, the ASER Punjab (Rural) 2011 survey was launched at Children’s Library Complex here on Tuesday. Adviser to Chief Minister Punjab, Zakia Shahnawaz, Pro-Chancellor Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) Syed Babar Ali, Justice (r) Nasira Javed Iqbal and others were present.
The survey was conducted by the South Asia Forum for Education Development (SAFED) managed by Idara-e-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) in collaboration with the Foundation Open Society Institute (FOSI), Department for International Development (DFID), National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) and Oxfam/Novib.
The survey reveals that 52 per cent children cannot do two-digit subtraction sums with carry whereas almost 70 per cent 5-16-year-old children cannot do three-digit division sums.
The survey was conducted in 28 districts in Punjab – Lahore, Kasur, Sheikhupura, Nankana Sahib, Gujranwala, Mandi Bahauddin, Chakwal, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Attock, Mianwali, Khushab, Sargodha, Hafizabad, Chiniot, Faisalabad, Jhang, Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal, Khanewal, Vehari, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Lodhran, Rajanpur, Bahawalpur and Rahim Yar Khan.
Class-wise analysis of the reading ability shows that only 46.9 per cent of class-III students were unable to read sentences, while around 83 per cent children could not read a story. In government schools, only 48.7 per cent of class-III students were able to read sentences, while in private schools this ratio stood at 62.3 per cent.
With regard to pre-schooling, the survey collected data of 9,604 3-5 years age group children and found that 48.7 per cent

of them were not enrolled for pre-schooling, while 21.8 per cent of five-year-old children, when one expects children to be enrolled in some education facility, were found out-of-school – posing a great challenge for the Punjab government.
The survey found that around 67 per cent children are enrolled in government schools and 33 per cent children are in non-state educational facilities – 31.4 per cent children in private schools, 1.4 per cent children in madrassahs and the remaining 0.4 percent are in non-formal education facilities in the province.
Of the enrolled children in the sample, the survey detected that 20.2 per cent children were taking paid tuition. Of 1,379 schools assessed –835 government and 544 private – the survey identified that over all students’ attendance in government schools stood at 84.7 per cent as per register and 80.9 per cent according to the headcount on the day of school visit.
In private schools, these percentages stood at 89.2 per cent and 86.6 per cent, respectively.The teachers’ attendance level in government and private schools was recorded at 85.4 per cent and 89.6 per cent, respectively.
The inspection of government and private primary schools showed that 80.1 per cent and 92.4 per cent schools, respectively, had useable water facility. With regard to availability of functional toilets, it has been found that the facility was available in 69.9 per cent public and 88.1 per cent private schools.
Boundary walls were found in 76.2 per cent of the surveyed government primary schools whereas 88.1 per cent of private primary schools had a boundary wall. Some 73.7 per cent of the surveyed government primary schools were found with a boundary wall.
Among the government primary schools surveyed, 51.2 per cent had a playground within the school premises as compared to 33.1 per cent of private primary schools.
Out of a total 16,050 mothers in the sampled households, some 69.6 per cent agreed to be tested for literacy whereas 12.4 per cent were not available. Of those tested, only 41.6 per cent were able to read simple sentences in their mother tongue and 58.4 per cent fell in the illiterate category.

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