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April 28, 2011

Climate Change Policy sent for formal approval


April 28, 2011

Recently prepared National Climate Change Policy recommended necessary expansion of nuclear power for Pakistan’s energy security and promotion of renewable energy resources to cope with growing challenge of climate change and global warming.
The draft of the policy has been sent to the federal cabinet after its formal approval from the ministry of environment in which the experts recommended nearly 120 steps to ensure a better plan to address the issue of climate change.
One-UN Joint Programme on Environment (JPE) provided the necessary funding for formulation of the National Climate Change Policy that is product of the team led by Dr. Qamaruz-Zaman Chaudhry. The other members included Dr. Seeme Mallick and Muhammad Sohail.
The draft recommended giving preference to import natural gas, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) over import of oil and coal except for meeting specific fuel requirements e.g. liquid fuel for transportation, coking coal for steel industry.
It stressed for vertical instead of horizontal expansion of urban housing projects and improvement in town planning design principles for lower carbon foot prints besides ensuring check on rural-to-urban migration, development of infrastructure and support for facilities in smaller agro-based towns.
It underlined the need to explore the possibility of obtaining technological know-how and its transfer for installing the clean coal technologies like Pressurized-Fluidized-Bed-Combustion (PFBC), Near-Zero Emission Technology (NZET) for vast coal reserves in south of Pakistan and their inclusion in future pulverized coal Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems.
The draft stated to ensure that new coal-fired power stations perform at high-efficiency level and are designed in such a way that they can be easily retro-fitted for Carbon dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS).
It emphasized to provide of incentives for energy-mix and

fuel-switching programme to low-carbon fossil fuels, and develop indigenous technology for CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS); Waste Heat Recovery, Co-generation; Coal Bed Methane Capture; and Combined Cycle Power Generation.
The draft stressed the need to examine the gradual introduction of “Green Fiscal Reforms” in different sectors of economy, including energy, water, waste/sewage etc. to achieve carbon emission reductions objective; enact and enforce energy conservation legislation and audit standards and ensure quality management of energy production and supply including reduction in transmission and distribution losses.
It was recommended to ensure the provision of efficient public transport system in the country, introduce and strictly enforce vehicle emission standards, examine and implement actions required for the use of bio-fuel for local transport and develop mass transit system in metropolitan cities.
Incorporate economic incentives to promote emission-reduction by upgrading the industrial processes and technologies, prepare voluntary Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) guidelines and encourage corporate sector to create CSR-fund to cover carbon emission reductions efforts in industrial sector.
Promote the integrated “Cleaner Production” strategy in the industrial sector by making more efficient use of inputs such as energy, water, raw material etc, support the private transport sector by providing incentives for reducing emissions and environmental friendly transport services, promote the development and adoption of environmental-friendly transportation technologies and efficient management technique.
The draft recommendations also stressed the need to promote greater use of CNG in transportation sector to the extent consistent with the availability of CNG in the market, secure financing for technology innovations for urban planning and the transportation sector, specifically to address the mitigation issues and promote the development of new pipelines for efficient transportation of oil in the country.
It was recommended to establish the National Climate Change Commission for coordinating all climate change activities at national and international level, develop monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system for evaluation of emission reduction and change in land use system in order to make full use of UNFCCC REDD facility.

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