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Lahore

December 20, 2010

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Sindh’s past revisited

Karachi
Makhdoom Jameel Zaman, Minister for Inter-Provincial Coordination, Sindh, has produced a book on the chronological history of Sindh with the title “The Days and Dates” which was being considered as a commendable effort.
The book, published by Talib-ul-Mola Academy recently, recorded information about over 2,000 “extraordinary events” of the world from the first to the twentieth century.
It also provided brief information about politics, literature, culture and society in Sindh till 1955. The book, whose compilation started by Jameel from 1997, revealed how often and by whom Sindh was invaded.
It showed how Nadir Shah invaded Sindh after its relative autonomy for 1,500 years and made it part of the Empire in 1739.
It also revealed how the Talpurs of Sindh gained Karachi from the Khan of Kalat in 1795 and erected a permanent fort at Manghopir to protect it from any invasion.
It also talked about the British capture of Sindh in 1843 and popular upsurge, which triggered an open war between the invading army and the Talpurs’ army at Miani and martyrdom of Hosh Muhammad Shidi, the commander, which resulted in subjugation of Sindh.
On cultural side, the book showed how Moen-jo-Daro was discovered in 1922.
However, the book not only talked about the past events but it may be relevant for today specially the advice of Sufi saint, Makhdoom Nooh of Hala (1506-1590) to the then ruler about the administration, politics, security, justice and education.
Nooh’s suggestions to the ruler deserved to be quoted verbatim: “Without good administration and clean politics, the country cannot be protected against the enemy’s dacoits and other criminals. To ensure better administration and the clean politics, the ruler must keep his armed forces in trim. The armed forces cannot be maintained without treasury.
The treasury cannot be filled without cooperation of the people. So the real strength lies in the people. To win over the

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people and get the treasury filled, the ruler must rule them justly and to ensure his officers do not defile their (the people’s) just rights. Their castles are essential for the defence of an empire, i.e. the people.
“Strength its fortifications with justice and fair play in such a way that no hole is made through it due to cruelty and oppression. The second fort is made of iron, i.e. the armed forces. This is built with training, incentive and liberality in bestowing honours and rewards.
“These are the people who save the country from internal disturbances and foreign invasion. The third fort is made of steel, i.e. the saints and scholars.
“The king must give them all help so that they may impart education in peace to the younger generation. Because if the nursery of them is led with the right type of education, the integrity and prosperity of the State is ensured.”

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