ISLAMABAD: Federal Information Minister Fawad Chaudhry Wednesday urged the chief justice of Pakistan and senior judges to reflect on the fact that the judiciary is among the most corrupt institutions in the country “especially when the salaries of the judiciary are the highest in this region”.
The federal minister’s statement came after the National Corruption Perception Survey 2021 conducted by Transparency International Pakistan concluded that the police and judiciary are the most corrupt institutions in the country.
The survey also revealed that the vast majority of people consider the federal government’s self-accountability to be unsatisfactory.
Taking to Twitter Fawad Chaudhry said according to a new survey report by the TI, the perception of corruption in the police and judiciary is at an all-time high.
“This should be a moment of reflection for the chief justice of Pakistan and senior judges, especially when the salaries of judges are the highest in Pakistan when we consider the region. Same is the case with the police,” he added.
According to a TI statement, the firm conducted the “National Corruption Perception Surveys” five times in the last 20 years: NCPS 2002, NCPS 2006, NCPS 2009, NCPS 2010 and 2011.
In 2021, the survey was conducted in all four provinces from October 14, 2021, to October 27, 2021 which reflected the perception of the general public on very important governance issues.
The key findings of the survey are:
- The National Corruption Perception Survey 2021 has revealed that police remain the most corrupt sector, the judiciary was seen as second-most corrupt, tendering and contracting the third most corrupt while health has climbed to become the fourth-most corrupt since the last NCPS 2011. According to the Judicial Statistics of Pakistan 2020 report by the National Judicial (Policy Making) Committee, there are 46,698 cases pending in the Supreme Court and 1,772,990 cases pending in the District Judiciary.
- A vast majority (85.9%) of people consider the federal government’s self-accountability to be unsatisfactory.
- Pakistanis continued to believe that corruption in the government sector is high. The police (41.4%), judiciary (17.4%) and contracting/tendering (10.3%) are perceived to be the three most corrupt sectors according to the survey, while contracts of roads (59.8%), cleanliness and garbage collection (13.8%), access to water (13.3%) and the drainage system (13.1%) top the list of public services for which people have to pay bribes to get access to.
- The three most important causes of corruption, according to the NCPS 2021, are weak accountability (51.9%), the greed of powerful people (29.3%) and low salaries (18.8%).
- When it comes to measures to reduce corruption, 40.1% of Pakistanis say an increase in stringent punishments for corruption cases, 34.6% Pakistanis say accountability of public officers by expediting NAB’s handling of corruption cases, and 25.3% say a complete ban on those convicted of corruption from holding public office, are key to combat corruption in Pakistan.
- The survey also sheds light on local governments and how their presence could have helped Pakistan establish a firmer grip on the situation arising out of COVID-19.
- A large number (47.8%) of Pakistanis consider that if local government elected representatives were in place, COVID-19 public awareness campaigns could have been launched in a more effective manner.
- A large proportion of Pakistanis (72.8%) believe that public sector corruption at the grassroots levels has increased due to the absence of the local government.
- A total of 89.1% of Pakistanis say that they did not pay any bribe to any government official during the federal government’s COVID-19 relief efforts for deserving citizens.
- A significant proportion of the population (81.4%) has denied that it willingly pays bribes and instead there was a clear perception that bribes are extorted from the public through tactics such as inaction or delay in the provision of public services.
- Compared to the three most recent federal governments, the majority of Pakistanis (92.9%) consider inflation and the price hike to be the highest during the current PTI government (2018-2021), compared to 4.6 % who thought the same for the PML-N government (2013-2018) and 2.5% of the PPP government (2008-2013).
- This coincides with 85.9% of Pakistanis who say that their income levels have been squeezed and have decreased during the last three years.
- The main reasons citizens blame for rising inflation and unemployment are: government incompetence (50.6%), corruption (23.3%), undue interference of politicians in government affairs (9.6%) and lack of implementation of policies (16.6%).
- The majority of Pakistanis (66.8%) believe that the present government’s accountability drive is partial.