Science has its own principles that are applicable everywhere in the world without any discrimination of religion, sect, cast, race and gender. These principles have nothing to do with emotions and feelings and prove themselves when a suitable environment is available. This is why science is beyond all frontiers.
A medicine, for example, simultaneously cures followers of all the religions, be they Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Christians or others. It shows that there is no tussle between science and religion. Science is, actually, God’s blessing upon human beings. Unfortunately, some orthodox clerics compare both these terms in an illogical context.
It is a fact that Islam emphasises on conducting research, but these clerics don’t understand the importance of this reality. They try to impose their poor philosophies over people and push them away from science. But there is no need for any comparison between the two because they work in their separate spheres according to their specific nature.
The world’s history reveals that nations which excelled in science ruled over other states economically and politically, as it is the best tool for societal development. In addition, it breeds innovation and strengthens creativity. It is the best way to understand the universe in its true sense because it educates us about how different natural systems work.
For any country to progress, it is necessary for it to have a clear and well-defined scientific vision outlined in order to achieve aims and objectives. Without this vision, no country will be able to prepare an effective roadmap for sustainable development. In the present world, scientific advancement made creation of wealth possible. Access to science played a pivotal role in bringing about mega changes in today’s society. Besides, science has a very prominent role in developing economies and improving the living standards of humans. Both developed and developing countries have focused on science and technology through quality education and research. Similarly, science education is also important to meet the needs of society. If science education is sub-standard, no society will be able to achieve excellence in any field, neither will its students become outstanding scientists.
According to the World Bank’s data, during 2011-15 the number of researchers (per million) in Denmark was 7,265; Singapore 6,442; Japan 5,201; Malaysia 1,794; Turkey 1,169; Iran 706; China 1,089 and Pakistan 152. It is a fact that countries which focused on science and achieved new technologies developed better and prospered as compared to others. The ability to make the most of new technologies made all the difference in the growth of different world economies. Today, information technology has reduced limitations as information is shared across the globe within seconds. Similarly, biotechnology has produced many emerging varieties.
However, in our society, science is considered a boring subject. This attitude towards science has been created due to our conventional education system. It is because of this system that Pakistan ranks 131 out of 141 in the Global Innovation Index of 2015. In such a situation, engaging youngsters and children in informal science learning sessions is the need of the day. It will help them develop and strengthen critical thinking and enhance their scientific literacy. Furthermore, the real benefits of science will only be achieved through effective awareness about applications of science among people.
As science is the ticket to progress and it’s comparison with religion is illogical and beyond common-sense, the two should be kept separated and allowed to work within their own spheres. Otherwise, this indifferent attitude will create a lot of problems for human beings.
The writer works for Daily Jang in
Peshawar. Email: asif1015yahoo.com