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World News
February 10,2018

France demands end to Syria air strikes

AFP

BEIRUT/PARIS: France demanded an end to air strikes in Syria on Friday as warplanes mounted further attacks on a rebel stronghold near Damascus where a war monitor said government bombardments have killed 229 people, the deadliest week in the area since 2015.

President Bashar al-Assad, who has seized a clear advantage in the war with Russian and Iranian help, is hammering two of the last key rebel pockets of Syria - the Eastern Ghouta outside Damascus and Idlib in the northwest near the Turkish border.

The multi-sided conflict is raging on other fronts too, with Turkey waging a big offensive in a Kurdish-controlled area of northwestern Syria, the Afrin region, where Ankara is targeting Kurdish militia forces it sees as a threat to its security.

Diplomacy is making no progress towards ending a war now approaching its eighth year, having killed hundreds of thousands of people and forced half the pre-war Syrian population of 23 million from their homes, with millions forced out as refugees.

"We are very worried. The air strikes need to end," French Defence Minister Florence Parly said on France Inter radio. "Civilians are the targets, in Idlib and in the east of Damascus. This fighting is absolutely unacceptable."

Russia, Assad’s most powerful ally, said on Thursday a ceasefire was unrealistic. The United Nations called on Tuesday for a humanitarian truce of at least one month to allow for aid deliveries and evacuations of the wounded.

France and 1the United Nations have repeatedly called in past months for the opening of aid corridors to alleviate Syria’s humanitarian crisis. The Paris government has also urged Moscow in private to consider ways to alleviate the crisis, but those efforts have not materialised into results on the ground.

Russian President Vladimir Putin and French President Emmanuel Macron discussed the Syrian peace process by phone on Friday, the Kremlin said in a statement. In the Eastern Ghouta, the last major rebel area near Damascus, residents described one of the most extensive bombing campaigns of the war, with multiple towns being hit simultaneously and people driven into shelters for days.

"My brother was hit yesterday in an air strike and we had to amputate his leg. Thank God it was only this," said an Eastern Ghouta resident reached by Reuters on Friday. "He was hit by shrapnel while sitting in his home," said the resident, who identified himself as Adnan, declining to give his full name.

"The people here have collapsed, people are seen talking to themselves in the streets. They don’t know where to go," said Siraj Mahmoud, a spokesman with the Civil Defence rescue service in the rebel-held area.

"We are living a catastrophe."

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which reports on the war using what it describes as a range of sources on all sides, said the air strikes had killed 229 people in the last four days, the Eastern Ghouta’s biggest weekly toll since 2015."Children in Eastern Ghouta are being starved, bombed and trapped.

Schools are supposed to be safe places for children, protected under international law, yet they are being attacked every single day," said Sonia Khush, Save the Children'€™s Syria Response Director in a statement. "Children and teachers are terrified that at any moment they could be hit. The siege means there is nowhere for them to escape."


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