Fighting rages at Myanmar-Thai border as rebels attack junta troops

The Thai health ministry said 1,686 people had crossed the border to seek temporary refuge in the town of Mae Sot on Saturday

By Reuters
April 21, 2024
Thai military personnel stand guard overlooking the Moei river on the Thai side, near the Tak border checkpoint with Myanmar, in Thailand's Mae Sot district on April 10, 2024. — AFP

Naypyidaw: Fighting raged at Myanmar’s eastern frontier with Thailand on Saturday, witnesses and Thailand’s government said, forcing nearly 1,700 civilians to flee as rebels pressed to flush out junta troops holed up for days at a bridge border crossing.


Resistance fighters and ethnic minority rebels seized the key trading town of Myawaddy on the Myanmar side of the frontier on April 11, a big blow to a well-equipped military struggling to govern and facing a test of battlefield credibility.

Witnesses on the Thai and Myanmar sides of the border said they heard explosions and heavy machine gun fire near a strategic bridge from late on Friday into early Saturday.

Thai broadcaster NBT, in a post on X social media, said resistance forces used 40-mm machine guns and dropped 20 bombs from drones to target an estimated 200 junta soldiers who had retreated from a coordinated rebel assault on Myawaddy and army posts since April 5.

Reuters could not immediately verify the reports and a Myanmar junta spokesperson could not be reached for comment.

Thai Prime Minister Srettha Thavisin said he was closely monitoring the unrest and his country was ready to provide humanitarian assistance if necessary.

The Thai health ministry said 1,686 people had crossed the border to seek temporary refuge in the town of Mae Sot on Saturday, with one person injured by shrapnel. It said nearly half of the exodus were children and elderly people.

Myanmar’s military is facing its biggest challenge since first taking control of the former British colony in 1962, caught up in multiple, low-intensity conflicts and grappling to stabilise an economy that has crumbled since a 2021 coup against Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi’s government.

The country is locked in civil war between the military on one side and, on the other, a loose alliance of established ethnic minority armies and a resistance movement born out of the junta’s bloody crackdown on anti-coup protests.

Thai premier Srettha said he had instructed all Thai agencies to “prepare for all situations” and would visit the border area on Tuesday.

“I do not desire to see any such clashes have any impact on the territorial integrity of Thailand and we are ready to protect our borders and the safety of our people,” he said on X.

The capture of Myawaddy and surrounding army outposts is a significant setback for a junta that has been squeezed by Western sanctions, with the town a key tax revenue source and conduit for more than $1 billion of annual border trade.

Thailand’s foreign ministry said it hoped the situation would normalise soon and had urged Myanmar’s government to ensure fighting did not spill over the border.

“We have notified Myanmar’s embassy in Thailand for Myanmar to exercise caution so as to not violate Thai sovereign territory and airspace and affect the safety of people at the border,” spokesperson Nikorndej Balankura said.